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Rheumatoid Arthritis-Causes,Symptoms And Treatment


Overview-Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that leads to inflammation and deformity of your joints. It is characterized by swelling, stiffness, pain, warmth and redness in the joints. As it progresses, the joints may become misaligned, misshapen and damaged. The tissues that line the joint can also thicken and wear away the surrounding cartilage, bones and ligaments. Rheumatoid arthritis normally occurs symmetrically, which means that if one hand or knee has it, the other one will also have it.

The condition affects approximately one percent of the population, and women are three times more likely to get it than men. Even though it can occur to people of all ages, it is more common to those between 25 and 50 years of age. Rheumatoid arthritis (or RA) is a severe, mostly progressive disease than can result in serious disability, lower the quality of your life and reduce your lifespan. Luckily, there have been significant advances in the management and treatment strategies of the disease, and this has led to improvement in the lives of many people who suffer from the condition. However, there is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis.

Causes and risk factors

The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains unknown, though it seems to be an autoimmune disease. This means that it occurs when the white blood cells, which are an integral part of our body’s immune system, mistakenly attack the joint tissue ( or synovium). As the thin layer of cells that line the joint( known as the synovial membrane)become inflamed, enzymes are produced. With time, these enzymes and specific immune cells damage the bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons around the joint

Some research studies suggest that this faulty immune response is triggered by a virus. However, there is no conclusive evidence that proves this. Meanwhile, it seems that some individuals are more likely to suffer from the disease because of their genetic makeup. Environmental factors are also thought to play a big part. For instance if you are a smoker, you have higher chances of developing rheumatoid arthritis.


The disease equally affects the joints on both sides .The most commonly affected areas include the fingers wrists, knees, ankles and feet. Rheumatoid arthritis often starts slowly, with only minor stiffness, fatigue and joint pain.

The joint symptoms include a morning stiffness which may last for one hour. The joints may feel tender warm and stiff if one is inactive for some time. The joint pains are often experienced on the same joint on each side of the body. As time goes by, the joint can lose its range of motion, leading to deformity.

Other symptoms include chest pain during breathing, dry eyes and mouth, burning itching or discharge in the eyes, nodules beneath the skin(normally a sign of a more serious condition),sleeping difficulties and numbness, burning or tingling sensation in the feet and hands.


If you notice the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, consult your doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis ensures faster treatment and prevents further damage to your joints. The doctor will perform a physical examination and inquire about your medical history. Symptoms such as morning stiffness are tell-tale signs of the disease. The doctor may also do a blood test to determine if you have the rheumatoid factor antibody, which is present in 80% of people suffering from the disease.

The doctor may perform the erythrocyte sedimentation rate test to identify whether you are inflamed. This test also distinguishes between RA and osteoarthritis, and this is vital for proper treatment of your condition. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis affects only joints in one side of the body. An x-ray can be done to show the extent of damage to the joints.


Treatment of the disease focuses on treating the symptoms. It aims at reducing pain and inflammation, minimizing and preventing joint damage and maximizing joint movement. To attain these goals, a combination of treatment is normally recommended. Such treatments include:



There are a number of medications that are used to treat the condition. NSAIDS ( or Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) work by treating inflammation and pain. Corticosteroids such as prednisone work by reducing inflammation. DMARDs (or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs) are medications that are commonly used in the treatment of moderate and severe rheumatoid arthritis. These medications include those that suppress the immune system, anti-malarial medicines and those that treat cancer. One such drug, methotrexate, has proved to work particularly well in managing severe rheumatoid arthritis.

Tumor Necrosis Factor–alpha (also called TNF-a) are a group of medications that work by inhibiting the tumor necrosis factor, an inflammatory protein in the body. The medication used will depend on how severe the disease is. If it is found to be effective, the treatment regime may be continued for several years.


There are a number of physiotherapy treatments that can be used to minimize pain, strengthen muscles, improve movement and promote independence.

Rest and exercise

There should be a balance between rest and exercise. If the disease is active, it is better to get rest. But you need exercise to enhance muscle strength, reduce joint stiffness and deformity and sustain mobility. A physiotherapist can prescribe the right exercise regime for you.

Joint care

Protecting your joints and simplifying work are effective ways of minimizing fatigue and joint pain. A physiotherapist or occupational therapist can guide you on these. They may suggest that you use splints or devices that can lessen the pressure on the joints such as long-handled shoehorns or zipper pullers.


If you are suffering from severe pain or serious deformities, surgery may be recommended. This often includes knee or hip joint replacement or other kinds of joint replacements. Your nerves, tendons or joint structures like the synovial membrane can also repaired.

Alternative therapies

There are people who find alternative therapies like meditation, acupuncture, homeopathy and relaxation techniques beneficial in managing symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Taking dietary supplements like fish oils can also help.

Medical News

Thermage Body: Alternatives To Surgical Face Lift?

Going under the knife seems to be a little daunting when you want to get that rejuvenated look. Good thing that it is not the only option. There are other non-invasive alternatives to surgical face lift, which is easier for others to go through with. Aside from that, it also lessens your chances from infection and other serious complications involved in a surgical face lift.

One of the easiest alternatives to surgical facelift is by adapting a healthier lifestyle. You can start it off by getting at least 6 hours of sleep in a day, or by hydrating yourself properly. You must also learn to discipline yourself in washing your face before you go to bed. These practices can nourish and cleanse your skin adequately giving you that rejuvenated look.

Along with the certain practices that you have to keep, you also have to avoid certain things such as smoking, alcoholic beverages and junk foods. These will give your body the toxins that can hasten the aging process of each single cell. Smoking in particular dehydrates the skin making you prone to develop wrinkles and fine lines. So keep the bad habits at bay if you want to maintain that youthful look the cheapest and simplest way!

One of the non-invasive face lift that is gracing the cosmetic industry nowadays is Thermage body CPT (Comfort Pulse Technology). This is a new technology which is an improved version of its predecessor which is Thermage. This skin rejuvenating technology is FDA approved for removing fine lines, wrinkles and facial sagging. Compared to the traditional Thermage where you can feel the laser working like hot elastic bands snapping on your skin, Thermage body CPT on the other hand provides better comfort for the patient because it is totally painless. Aside from that, the procedure is also scar less, so you simply get that rejuvenated look without risking the integrity of your skin.

However, you must also know that the results of Thermage body CPT may not be as dramatic as your face lift procedure. That is why it is most fitting for those who do not have that much skin issues.

Another non-invasive alternative to surgical face lift are anti-aging creams and serums. You can see these products in the market infused with various mixes of ingredients. When choosing the right cream, make sure that it has mild concoction of ingredients and that it is non-comedogenic. You don’t want to end up burning your skin or dotted up with pimples right. So choose carefully. With repeated use applied after thorough skin cleansing, you will be able to see the lifting and tightening results over time.

Another technology that is a safe alternative to surgical face lift is the Mosaic Fractional Laser Treatment. It is a machine developed by a company named Lutronic and is FDA approved to remove acne scars, sun spots, and wrinkles and improves skin tone and elasticity. It is equipped with CCT or Controlled Chaos Technology which delivers the laser treatment in a strategic manner which gives the rest of the skin enough space to recover.

So don’t go right ahead into cutting yourself up unless you have read through or considered other alternatives to surgical face lift. Cosmetic surgery should be your last option, and should be most considered especially when your skin problems is a bit serious than just fine lines and superficial wrinkles. Before taking step about body thermage make sure you contact a specilaist on it.

Medical News

Learn About AccuVein Technology

AccuVein LLC is a privately held organization that creates items that guide in the perception of fringe vasculature. Its headquartered in Cold Spring Harbor, New York and its business workplaces are in Kansas City, Missouri. Venipuncture is the most regularly performed obtrusive restorative methodology. Since its prosperity has depended generally upon the health care proficient’s feeling of touch and impulses, the system has verifiably been connected with a high mistake rate. The company′s items can altogether decrease the mistake rate.

AccuVein is the worldwide pioneer in vein light, now used by many offices in world. Thousands more around the globe are utilizing AccuVein’s grant winning, versatile vein enlightenment. The AccuVein AV400 shows a guide of the vasculature on the surface of the skin permitting clinicians to confirm patency and stay away from valves or bifurcations.

More viable venipuncture systems with less patient inconvenience result in higher patient fulfillment, making it clear why numerous offices have consolidated AccuVein into their standard of consideration.

The AccuVein AV400 digitally shows a guide of the vasculature on the surface of the skin progressively, permitting clinicians to confirm vein patency and stay away from valves or bifurcations. It is handheld and lightweight, weighing just 9.7 ounces (275g), and effectively changes over to sans hands with the utilization of discretionary wheeled or altered stands.

The medicinal evaluation outline permits the gadget to be effectively wiped clean, packed away for use in separation, and does not require adjustment as it is for all time adjusted. The simple to utilize AV400 can be held in any bearing over the vein being seen. All inclusive and reverse modes make the AV400 valuable on an assortment of patient sorts. With focus line exactness to the width of a human hair, the AV400 can distinguish veins up to 10 mm profound.

AccuVein declared that its earth shattering AV300 vein enlightenment gadget has been introduced in more than 275 healing centers all through the United States, under 12 months after the item started sending. Among the prestigious doctor’s facilities that have embraced the AV300 for venipuncture applications is Scottsdale Healthcare situated in Scottsdale, Arizona.

“Drawing blood or beginning an IV on a tyke can challenge on the grounds that their veins might be hard to find. We bring additional consideration with our pediatric patients and the AccuVein AV300 gadgets help us give another customized touch to help in their solace,” said Emily Shumway, RN, director of pediatric administrations at Scottsdale Healthcare Shea Medical Center.

The AccuVein AV300 helps healthcare experts find veins for blood draw, IV imbuement and blood gift by anticipating an example of light on patient’s skin that uncovers the position of hidden veins. This 10-ounce, hand-held gadget is accessible with a scope of without hands alternatives so it can rapidly free the expert’s hands to play out the venipuncture.

“Persistent fulfillment is up front in the brains of doctor’s facility staff.” said AccuVein promoting VP Vinny Luciano. “Since venipuncture is the most widely recognized obtrusive therapeutic system, it is essential that doctor’s facilities are getting the consolidated advantage of enhanced patient care and cost investment funds by conveying the AV300 for vein perception.”

Not withstanding doctor’s facilities, AccuVein offers to a wide assortment of healthcare offices, for example, blood gift focuses, EMS offices and blood labs around the globe. The AV300 is accessible available to be purchased in more than 45 nations